The monumental gateway facing south was built by Akbar as the main entrance to the mosque to commemorate his conquest over Deccan in 1601, according to the Persian inscriptions on the archway. Known as Buland Darwaza, it stands to this day eloquently expressing the grandeur of Akbar's empire. Standing on the highest point of the ridge, it is 40.84 m high and was built on a platform that was 13.52 m high. A fine example of Islamic architecture, it is semi octagonal in plan and two smaller triple-storeyed wings on either side.
The central archway is richly ornamented with a broad band of yellow
buff sandstone, bordered by red sandstone panels and two square panels
on its bottom on either side with white and black marble inlay work. The
arch resembles the pattern of Jami Masjid. It has three kiosks on its
top surrounded by thirteen smaller domed kiosks. The smaller turrets
surrounding the gateway greatly increase its magnificence. The arch has
three actual openings bordered by decorative panels and superimposed by
three other arched openings crowned by a semi-dome.
Buland Darwaza is one of the highest gateways in the world. Buland Darwaza/Darwaja was built by Akbar.