since Babur defeated and killed Ibrahin Lodi at Panipat in 1526, Agra
played an important center of Mughal Empire. Akbar chose this city on
the bank of River Yamuna as his capital and proceeded to build a strong
citadel for the purpose. It is said that he destroyed the damaged old
fort of Agra for the purpose and raised this grand group of monuments
instead in red sandstone. Started in 1565, it took eight years and
thirty-five lakh rupees to complete its construction and is second only
to Taj in Agra. Qasim Khan Mir Barr-u-Bahr supervised the construction
of this building.
One of the large fortified residences built at various strategic points
of Mughal Empire; it had over five hundred buildings, as mentioned by
Abul Fazal in his chronicles. Most of the buildings added later use
marble as the chief construction material. At the time of Akbar, River
Yamuna touched the fort and thus, a number of ghats were built here.
Some of these ghats were meant to load and unload goods transported
through river and other covered passages were for use by the harem