Rang Mahal or the Pleasure Palace is situated to the west of Jami Masjid. One of the oldest buildings of Fatehpur Sikri, it showcases several decorative motifs that were used here for the first time. It is in ruinous condition now. It is said that Akbar built it for his wife on advice of Sheikh Salim and that prince Salim was born here. The surviving portions of the palace have two courtyards in the southeast corner of the building with the pair of tall twelve-sided columns that have extraordinary double capitals and a deeply coffered roof. The beautiful brackets of these columns are shaped like heads of horses.
It is said that originally it had five inner courts, one in the centre
having one court on each side. The red sandstone palace had main
entrance to its north. The eastern courtyard has three openings or
tibara dalan. The inner closed room in here has survived. It also has a
double storyed façade overlooking the court below. The building
has a double storeyed living room, which lacks any superstructure or
dome. Its beauty lies in the series of brackets used here. Despite its
pitiful condition, this building is believed to be the best example of
residential architecture in India.
Rang Mahal or pleasure palace is one of the oldest buildings at Fatehpur Sikri, India.