37 km from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri was a splendid example
of town planning and craftsmanship. Most of the buildings are made up of
red sandstone due to easy availability. The buildings were skillfully
planned keeping in mind the climatic conditions, the geology of the
terrain, the need of its occupants, its usage keeping, proper
ventilation, and sanitation needs. Buildings meant for women ensured
privacy in accordance with the 'purdah' system.
The town is fortified on three sides with eight gateways and has an
artificial lake on the fourth side. The monuments here can be classified
into four main categories - The Sacred Complex, The Royal Complex, The
Imperial Harem and Other Monuments. Out of the 118 structures mentioned
to be here, only 52 have been identified and there are controversies
over their exact names and functions. We have brought the most widely
accepted views for your convenience.