Taj Mahal in AgraTaj Mahal, AgraTaj MahalHistory of AgraMonuments of Agra
Agra Fatehpur Sikri Taj Mahal Agra Map How to reach Agra History of Agra
Read about the history of Agra city during the the Mughal rule.

Travel to Agra : History of Agra : History of Agra During Mughals


Book India Tour

History of Agra During Mughals

Babur invaded Agra in 1526 after killing Ibrahim Lodhi, the last Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate in the first battle of Panipat and laid the foundation of Moghul dynasty. Humayun, his eldest son and successor, was bestowed with the responsibility to seize the treasury of Agra, which included rare diamonds such as the famous 'Kohinoor', presented to him by the king of Gwalior. Babur entered Agra on May 10, 1526. Babur introduced the first Mughal gardens in Agra and constructed a big baoli inside the fort, where he died in 1530. Agra remained the capital of Moghul for generations to come. Humayun was crowned the next emperor. After the Afghan ruler Sher Shah defeated Humayun at the battle of Chausa, Agra came under the rule of Brahmajit Gaur on his behalf. In the second battle of Panipat in 1556, the Mughal forces recaptured Agra. It was the golden period in the history of Agra. It became the center of art, culture, commerce and learning during the reign of Akbar and flourished under the reigns of Jehangir and Shanjehan. The thirty years of Shah Jehan's rule were comparatively peaceful and thus, his passion for architecture came to the fore and the world-famous architectural masterpieces were constructed including the Taj Mahal and the Moti Masjid. Agra's glory faded since Aurangzeb shifted his capital to Delhi but it will always be remembered as the city of Taj.



Book India Tour
Arrival:*
Your Contact Information
Duration: Name:*
People:* E-mail:*
Budget: Country:
Tour Style: Phone:
Requirements & Travel Plan:
* Mandatory fields


Travel to Agra

Copyright © AgraIndia.org.uk