Read about the history of Agra city during the the Mughal rule.

History of Agra During Mughals

Babur invaded Agra in 1526 after killing Ibrahim Lodhi, the last Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate in the first battle of Panipat and laid the foundation of Moghul dynasty. Humayun, his eldest son and successor, was bestowed with the responsibility to seize the treasury of Agra, which included rare diamonds such as the famous 'Kohinoor', presented to him by the king of Gwalior. Babur entered Agra on May 10, 1526. Babur introduced the first Mughal gardens in Agra and constructed a big baoli inside the fort, where he died in 1530. Agra remained the capital of Moghul for generations to come. Humayun was crowned the next emperor. After the Afghan ruler Sher Shah defeated Humayun at the battle of Chausa, Agra came under the rule of Brahmajit Gaur on his behalf. In the second battle of Panipat in 1556, the Mughal forces recaptured Agra. It was the golden period in the history of Agra. It became the center of art, culture, commerce and learning during the reign of Akbar and flourished under the reigns of Jehangir and Shanjehan. The thirty years of Shah Jehan's rule were comparatively peaceful and thus, his passion for architecture came to the fore and the world-famous architectural masterpieces were constructed including the Taj Mahal and the Moti Masjid. Agra's glory faded since Aurangzeb shifted his capital to Delhi but it will always be remembered as the city of Taj.