The design of the Taj Mahal presents the culmination of a process which started much before its inception. The uniqueness and design of the Taj Mahal is not the result of a single brain, instead various superb features of its construction can be traced back systematically to the earlier examples during the whole evolutionary process. The river bank, at a respectable distance from the hullabaloo of the capital was chosen to give it a beautiful, natural and romantic setting.
The bank of river Yamuna was chosen so that the colossal structure
could tower magnificently and imposingly over its surroundings. The
river takes a sharp turn at this place, almost at right angle so that a
water-shed is made where the thrust of the water is minimum. It was the
safest point on the river bank. The square garden has been divided into
four large quarters, separated by broad water channels with fountains
and double causeways on either side. This garden setting provides an
important aesthetics to the Taj. The main gate of the Taj Mahal is on
the south side. It was designed to play the part of a monumental
entrance to the grand structure. White marble has been used on this
gateway to give emphasis and also to diminish the too sober and too
classical an appearance of red sandstone. Chhatris with marble cupolas
flanked by pinnacles is perhaps the most important feature of the
The genius of the builder and his innovations are also reflected in yet
another feature of its planning. In the Taj Mahal the builder has
substituted the false gateways with beautiful water-pavilions on the
east and the west sides, each rising at the end of the broad water
canal. Though each is an independent structure, it forms an indivisible
part of the whole charbagh plan. It appears as if the water channel was
chiefly planned to give a suitable background for the water pavilion.
It is a short write up on the layout, plan and design of the Taj Mahal, India.